Each room needs a centrepiece of some description. A focal point is important because it sets the tone for the rest of the decorating scheme and ties the total look together. It also draws the eye away from the less pleasing aspects of the room. A handsome fireplace, for example, naturally draws the eye towards it. Enhance it with fire irons, a fender seat and a painting or mirror over the mantel.
However if you need to create a focal point in a room that has none, the golden rule is “Think Big”. In a small room one big object such as a bookcase, an armoire or an enormous painting brings a resonance that immediately makes you think the room is much bigger than it is. The second rule is to place other pieces around the centrepiece in such a way that nothing detracts from its overall effect.